Monthly Archives: February 2017

Making The Best Pictures With Digital Photography Cameras

Making The Best Pictures With Digital Photography Cameras

A lot of people think that a good picture is all because of excellent equipment. Although we can never downplay the role of the most modern and up-to-date tools when it comes to photography, these gadgets do not solely determine how good a photo ends up. A more important factor in creating a great picture is the photographer himself. It is the photographer who guides the camera in the specific direction and the photographer who pushes the button for the camera to capture the scene. Hence, most of the job can be traced back to the photographer.

There is presently a growing affinity to Single Lens Reflex cameras. Even though they are generally more expensive than the simpler point and shoot models, people are vying for the SLR and all its add-ons because of the thinking that they are going to be able to make breathtaking shots with such equipment. The truth is there are actually some advantages that come with digital photography cameras that one cannot enjoy with the SLR. One of which is the ability to delete a photo should one consider it to be not presentable enough. This makes it easier to start anew with a scene and make use of better angles and other factors to maximize the full photographical potential of the scene.

In addition to that advantage, a point and shoot camera is really easy to handle. As the term itself says, all the user needs to do is to point and shoot. However, not all pictures are going to be good if one just points and shoots anywhere. This is where the photographer’s knowledge and talent photography into use.

First and foremost, there is the knowledge about the camera itself. One cannot just go out, buy a camera and miraculously create stunning digital photos out of any random scenes. There is a need to know the camera’s ins and outs, its tools and capacities, its good points and bad ones. This way, one can fully utilize what the camera is able to do and steer clear of the possible downfalls it might create in one’s photos.

Digital photography cameras come with a handful of features a user can use to heighten the overall quality of the photo as well as its appeal to its viewer. For one, there is the flash. Although there is always the automatic flash to safely go with, making use of the flash feature can actually create goodness for digital photos. The flash feature is best turned on when photos are taken outside for the subject’s illumination and off when the shots are done indoors.

Another asset of the common point and shoot camera is the macro mode feature, which is the perfect tool for close-up shots. It is, however, recommended to take time in focusing the camera properly before pressing the capture button. Some people have noticed the ISO settings of digital cameras but fail to utilize them. This tool is actually for light sensitivity control. Low settings are best for still object shots while settings of 400 and up are recommended for shots of moving objects.

These are just basic tips when working with digital photography cameras [http://kodakcentral.com]. These are highlighted to help individuals realize what they can do with their simple digital cameras. Aside from the easy riddance of bad shots, a point and shoot camera has its potential that make them a better option than the expensive models that abound in the market nowadays.

Digital Photography Cameras

Digital Photography Cameras

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When it comes to digital photography cameras, there are so many out there, when shopping for one, where do you begin? Though old models faze out and new ones take their place, most every digital camera has the same standard features. Of course you’ll want to choose a camera that fits in your budget and is appropriate for your level of expertise and picture taking needs.

Digital cameras are categorized on the following criteria:

Pixels- Each image is composed of a grid of tiny square units known as pixels. Some cameras express pixel values in two numbers: total pixel count and effective pixels. Total pixel count resembles the number of pixels of the sensor size and effective pixels amount is the number of pixels remaining after the edges have been trimmed.

Megapixels (MP) – One megapixel equals one million pixels. The larger the number of pixels each image has, the more the picture can be enlarged without losing sharpness quality. Hence, cameras with higher than 5 MP are ideal for commercial purposes.

Optical vs Digital Zoom- Most cameras offer both types of zoom lenses. In an optical zoom lens the focal length and magnification increases as the zoom expands. In a digital zoom lens an image is cropped down to a smaller area within the picture while magnifying its appearance. As the magnification increases, the image loses quality and becomes blurry. This can be corrected with image editing software.

Memory – Removable memory modules come in several forms and storage capacities. The Compact Flash (CF) is used in most digital cameras and come in storage capacities of 1-2 gigabytes. All other cards including Secure Digital (SD), Multimedia, Smart Media, XD, and Sony memory sticks are smaller in physical size and more commonly used in digicams than CF’s are. There is no major advantage in choosing one type over another, but each digital photography camera uses only one type.

When purchasing a camera, it is best to find one that suits your picture taking needs. Hence, if you’re a novice who takes pictures only on holidays or vacations, a camera with manual adjustments or more than 5 MP would be overkill. If you’re a professional photographer whom takes pictures for commercial use, a high-end DSLR camera may be perfect for you.

Camera Lens Types and Selection Tips

Camera Lens Types and Selection Tips

A lens is what your camera uses to focus on a scene. Lenses can be cheap or expensive and big or small. If you have been researching what kind of lens you will need for what you are going to use your camera for I’m sure you have already discovered that there is a huge variety of lenses available for just about any situation possible. There are wide-angle, midrange, zoom, telephoto, and fixed lenses. So what does it all mean?

The cost and quality of camera lenses is based on a wide variety of things. It is first of all based on the size and focal length capabilities of a lens. For example, a 28-128 mm. lens will be cheaper than a 100-400 mm. lens. But what can make a lens very expensive is its aperture capabilities. A lens that can achieve a wider aperture will be more expensive (all other things constant). There are also many other things that are taken into account with price but the zoom and aperture capabilities are the main things.

Types and Focal Lengths

Wide-Angle Lens – Wide angle lenses are most commonly defined as lenses with focal lengths that are less than 50 mm. A wide angle lens is most commonly used for landscape photography. Most photographers buy them because they can focus on a very wide range from side to side. Sometimes they are necessary for portraits as well though. I have found myself in many situations where the only way that I could fit everyone into the frame was with a wide-angle lens. When I use my wide-angle lens I almost always make the aperture very narrow so I have a very large depth of field. Wide-angle lenses are good at focusing on everything rather than one small part of a scene. I personally use my fixed 24mm. wide-angle lens almost more than my standard telephoto.

Standard Telephoto Lens – This is the typical short range zoom lens that usually is sold included with new digital slr cameras. They usually have a range of around 28-85 mm. and are compact in size. This is a very well-rounded lens and can be used for just about every situation possible which is the very reason it usually comes included with new cameras. It can be sufficient for landscapes and portrait photography as well as spur of the moment photos like sports or movements.

Medium Telephoto Lens – This is most commonly defined as a lens that has a midrange telephoto capability. This is usually somewhere between 80 and 150 mm. This is the perfect type of lens for portrait photography. The focal length of this type of lens is kind to the face and makes the nose appear to be more flush with the rest of the face. Closer range lenses make the nose appear closer to the camera than the rest of the face therefore accentuating it and making it appear larger than it really is. Although this lens is perfect for portrait photography, it is also great for sports photos and other subject oriented pictures.

Long Range Telephoto Lens – This is most commonly defined as a lens that has a long range telephoto capability which is usually considered greater than 150 mm. This type of lens can be very powerful and very expensive. Photographers buy these lenses for many different reasons. If you watch sports events you can usually see photographers on the sidelines with huge telephoto lenses that are capable of zooming to the far side of a football field. These lenses can be used for nature photography in capturing dangerous animals without getting too close. The paparazzi also uses these types of lenses on occasion to get photos of celebrities from behind boundaries or fences. The long range zoom creates a whole new world of opportunities for photographers.

Prime or Fixed Lenses Compared to Zoom Lenses

Why would a photographer buy a fixed focal length lens when he could get 100 different focal lengths with a zoom lens? There are in fact many good reasons to choose fixed lenses over zoom lenses. The reason I bought a fixed wide-angle lens instead of a zoom wide angle is because fixed lens are faster and they show more depth. The differences between the two kinds are usually very subtle, but it does make quite a difference. Since the zoom lenses change focal lengths as they shift they tend to flatten the depth of field and change the perspective. With a fixed lens, there aren’t any moving parts and therefore better performance on their one focal length.

More Uncommon Specialized Lenses

Macro Lens – This type of lens is built specifically to be able to focus on something while being extremely close to it. This lens is commonly used to get very close to intricate objects such as flowers or bugs. I have used my macro lens to take photos of water drops, faces, eyes, and hair. The possibilities are endless and I have used mine to create some amazing close-up colorful photos.

Tilt Shift Lens – This type of lens is built for only a few types of situations where distortion occurs because the subject is very long or wide. Tilt movements of the lens allow you to obtain a wide depth of field even at a wide aperture and still keep the entire subject in focus. Shift movements of the lens correct the effect seen in pictures taken of tall objects such as buildings, so that the subject does not look distorted. Most people use this kind of lens for panoramic or architectural photography.

Conclusion

The type of lens you should get entirely depends on what kind of photos you are going to take. I like taking landscape photos so therefore I bought a fixed wide-angle lens so I could take the best possible landscape photos that I could. Just because you want to take good photos doesn’t mean you have to drop a couple thousand dollars on lenses. It is true that you tend to get what you pay for with lenses but I would recommend starting off with a few medium quality lenses and practice your basic skills before investing in a very expensive lens. And once you do get a lens that you care about make sure you get a UV filter for it so you can preserve its quality and prevent it doesn’t get scratched.

Richard Schneider is a digital photography enthusiast and founder of PictureCorrect which offers photography tips and news on all topics involving digital photography. You will also be interested in the photography network, one of the largest social networks designed exclusively for photographers.